Unlock the Secrets of Free Spin with SlotsCalendar’s Ultimate Guide
Learn how to maximize your winnings and improve your online gaming experience with free spins.
Our expert guide provides valuable insights and strategies to help you make the most of this popular bonus feature.
Whether you’re a seasoned veteran or a curious novice, our guide is a beacon of wisdom that would have been a game-changer when we first embarked on our betting journey.
Thanks to the knowledge we’ve acquired along the way, we’ve empowered countless players to unearth hidden treasures nestled within a multitude of slot games.
Witness firsthand the impact our expertise can have, as we help you significantly amplify your winnings.
Immerse yourself in the world of free spins with SlotsCalendar’s guide, your indispensable companion in this captivating realm.
While equipping yourself with our knowledge and skills, you’ll be armed to make informed decisions, seize opportunities, and ultimately enhance your enjoyment and triumph in the captivating realm of online slots. Your path to success starts here.
What Are Free Spins No Deposit UK Bonuses?
Free spins no deposit UK bonuses are a captivating allure skillfully employed by online casinos to entice both new and loyal players.
These promotional offers grant players a predetermined number of extra spins on specific slot games, all without needing an initial deposit.
Crafted with strategic precision, these bonuses serve as a potent tool for casinos to not only attract fresh enthusiasts but also retain their valued clientele, fostering a symbiotic relationship of mutual benefit.
As a discerning gambling experts, we assert that these enticing bonuses provide a risk-free avenue for players to embark on exhilarating explorations of new games, while casinos bolster their user engagement and amplify the thrill of their gambling platforms.
In short, this promotion allows players to experience the casino’s slot games without risking their own money.
Thus, if you’re looking for a risk-free way to try out a new casino or slot game, this deal might be just what you need.
You get to spin the reels of an amazing slot without making a payment, allowing you to win real money without risking any of your own funds.
At SlotsCalendar, we pride ourselves on staying up-to-date with the latest promotions and the online gambling market.
You’ll have access to regularly updated casino reviews and exclusive offers you won’t find anywhere else by visiting our website.
SlotsCalendar Advice: Although these offers don’t require an initial deposit, it’s important to note that you may need to deposit later to fulfill playthrough requirements. As a result, the spins are not entirely free.
How Do Free Spins Work?
The special kind of bonus known as free spins no deposit no ID verification provides players with the opportunity to spin the reels of a slot machine without the need for an initial payment or identity verification.
This type of bonus holds great appeal for individuals who prioritize their privacy and seek immediate access to games.
To make the most of these bonuses, it is crucial to employ strategic gameplay tactics, such as selecting games with high Return to Player (RTP) percentages, in order to maximise your benefits.
Casinos often offer this deal as a way to entice new players to join their sites and to reward existing customers for their loyalty.
Want to understand how these bonuses work? We’ll guide you through it, step by step.
- Triggering the offer: You may trigger this offer in various ways, depending on the slot game and the online platform.
Some games award it when certain symbols appear on the reels, while others may offer them as part of a bonus feature.
- The number of extra rotations: Once triggered, the game will award the player with a set total of rotations. This can range from just a few to dozens or even hundreds.
- Bet size: They are usually played at the same bet size as the spin that triggered them, but sometimes the casino will set a fixed bet size for the offer.
- Winning potential: During the promotion, all winnings are usually added to the player’s balance.
In some games, additional multipliers or bonus features may be active during the offer, increasing potential winnings.
- Wagering requirements: It’s important to note that any winnings from the deal are often subject to wagering.
This means that the player must wager the winnings a certain number of times before they can withdraw them as cash.
In order to fully comprehend the mechanics of the offer, let’s explore a practical example together. Let’s say an online casino offers 50 free spins bonuses to new players who sign up for an account.
The spins can be used on a selected slot game, and any winnings obtained from the spins will be added to the player’s bonus balance.
If the player manages to meet the casino’s playthrough requirements for the bonus, which may be 30x the bonus amount, they can withdraw the winnings as real cash.
For instance, if the player wins $50 from the free spins, they must wager $1,500 (30 x $50) before withdrawing the winnings as cash.
Suppose the player successfully meets the requirements. In that case, they can withdraw the $50 as real money, which they can then use for other purposes, such as purchasing goods or services or depositing it into their bank account.
In this scenario, the player was able to get the promotion, play with free spins, and ultimately win real money.
When Can You Get Free Spins With No Deposit?
There are various situations in which online casinos offer free spins to players. These include:
- signing up
- verify your account
- an addition to a first deposit match bonus
- as the first deposit bonus (often with a larger bet size per spin)
- as part of other promotions
- after the release of a new game
- through loyalty programs.
Generally, players can obtain these rotations with a relatively small deposit or without depositing any of their own funds. However, players still have the opportunity to win real money.
How Do We Select the Best Casino Free Spins No Deposit UK Bonuses?
Our expertly curated list of top casinos undergoes a rigorous selection process. We go beyond just promotions, prioritising your overall gaming experience.
From user-friendly interfaces and a wide range of games to responsive customer service, we go through all aspects to ensure your funds and personal information are secure with top-notch security measures.
To ensure we provide high-quality recommendations, we utilise a rigorous review process for every casino with free spins no deposit UK listed on SlotsCalendar. We evaluate each online gambling site based on several criteria, including:
All betting sites we recommend have valid licenses from respectable regulatory bodies such as the UKGC, MGA, and others. In the gambling industry, licensing is absolutely essential. It guarantees that operators follow strict regulations and guidelines, which in turn promotes fair and responsible gaming practices.
The essence of licensing lies in safeguarding players, creating a framework of accountability that guarantees the security of their funds, impartial gameplay, and effective resolution of disputes through proper channels.
This means that whenever you choose a reputable site from our list, you will benefit from full protection and fair games as the site has to follow strict guidelines set by competent gaming authorities.
As professionals in the field, we take the necessary time to read thoroughly the terms and conditions of all offers we suggest to confirm they are fair for players.
As we review the T&Cs, we always ensure that the deals include facilities such as game variation, longer expiry times, and low playthrough.
Fair Terms & Conditions
It’s crucial to analyse any casino bonus’s terms and conditions carefully. This is because they outline the rules and requirements you must follow to use the bonus and potentially withdraw any winnings.
If the terms and conditions are unfair or unclear, you may be unable to withdraw your winnings or face unexpected fees or restrictions.
Therefore, we take the necessary time to read and understand them to ensure you’re getting a fair deal and can confidently enjoy your gaming experience.
In the case you already have a nice amount of bonus wins and already met the playthrough, you should get your winnings right away without waiting for days.
We look for platforms with quick processing times and fast transfers to make your transactions faster. However, you should know that the time also depends on the method you choose for your withdrawal.
Playing on a platform that is mobile-compatible allows you to enjoy your favourite casino games on the go, whether you’re commuting, waiting in line, or simply relaxing at home.
Mobile compatibility also provides greater convenience and flexibility, allowing you to access your account, make deposits and withdrawals, and claim bonuses from your smartphone or tablet.
Moreover, it ensures that the website and its games are optimised for smaller screens, providing a seamless and enjoyable gaming experience.
This is why our experts look for top-notch platforms that are mobile-compatible and can enhance your overall gaming experience.
A diverse range of games ensures that players have a more enjoyable gaming experience and that they can find something that matches their interests and preferences.
A good selection of games also means that players are less likely to get bored and are more likely to return to the casino.
We know how vital it is to have an engaging game collection as we’re players ourselves. The possibility of choosing between popular games feels like a real trip into the gambling world. Thus it’s paramount that a casino provides that.
When evaluating game variation, we look at the number and variety of games, the quality of software providers, and the availability of popular games.
Bonuses & Promotions
Bonuses and promotions can provide players with extras and other perks to increase their chances of winning and extend their playtime.
Moreover, attractive promotions can make a casino stand out from its competitors and attract new players.
Our experts evaluate promotions based on their value, terms and conditions, and the ease with which players can claim them. They also look for sites that offer regular rewards to ensure that players can continue to enjoy benefits over time.
Excellent Customer Service
Good customer service can improve the overall experience by providing players with timely and helpful support that addresses their concerns.
When evaluating customer service, we look for platforms that offer multiple channels of communication, such as live chat, email, and phone support, as well as 24/7 availability.
We also assess the quality of customer service by testing response times, staff knowledge and helpfulness, and the overall effectiveness of the support provided.
A casino with good customer service demonstrates its commitment to player satisfaction and can contribute to a positive gaming experience.
How to Calculate the Value of Free Spins
Are you ready to dive into the exciting world of online casinos? Our top-rated casino platforms have amazing deals for new players.
You can enjoy a predetermined number of extra spins on some of the most popular slots. Wondering how to seize these deals? Allow us to guide you through the seamless process.
To determine the bonus money equivalent of your spins, you can calculate the product between the number of these spins and the value of each spin.
For instance, 25 spins valued at 10p per spin would yield £2.5 in bonus money (25 spins at 10p per spin = £2.5 in bonus money).
Nevertheless, the formula we just described only provides a partial estimation. Additional factors you should consider are the game’s RTP and wagering requirements.
The RTP percentage (Return to Player) indicates the proportion of your bets that the game will payout in winnings.
Yet, this computation is based on tens of thousands of spins; thus, your outcomes during a single gaming session may differ.
By considering these aspects, you can obtain a more accurate understanding of these spins’ actual value.
This way, you can assess your chances of meeting the wagering requirements and determine how much bonus money or winnings you will have remaining after the completion.
The calculation requires a bit more mathematical effort, so we will divide it into three distinct stages:
- Expected reward, i.e. pre-wagering winnings = a number of spins x spin value x game RTP
- Expected loss = pre-wagering winnings x wagering requirement x (RTP-1)
- Expected value = Expected reward – expected loss
For instance, suppose you receive 25 spins valued at 10p each in a game with a 96% RTP and a 20x (B) wagering requirement.
Using the formula, we can calculate the expected reward to be 25 x £0.1 x 0.96 = £2.40.
The expected loss would be £2.40 x 20 x (1 – 0.96) = £1.92.
Therefore, the expected value of these spins would be £2.40 – £1.92 = £0.48.
The expected value denotes the amount you will likely have after fulfilling the wagering requirements.
In the example above, your account balance would be approximately 50p. Nevertheless, these are general estimates, and your actual outcomes may differ due to the game volatility.
In some situations, a spin can return no profits while, in other situations, a spin might hit the game max win. For example, If you play Gates of Olympus from Pragmatic Play, the max win is 5000x your stake.
How To Claim No Deposit Casino Free Spins
In case you want to elevate your gaming experience with these fantastic deals, get ready to explore our top recommended casino websites.
Most of these sites will offer a specific number of extra rounds on some of the most popular slots. So, if you’re in for a challenge here’s what you should do.
Remember, redeeming your next bonus offer is a breeze, and you may accomplish it in just three easy steps:
1. Choose Your Offer
We recommend you browse SlotsCalendar to get a bonus that aligns with your preferences. Once you find it, go to the review page of your chosen casino that’s offering it and read its unbiased review. It will offer you a fresh perspective, and you’ll know if the site meets your standards.
SlotsCalendar Advice: It is crucial to carefully read the terms and conditions of any bonus offer to comprehend its true value before accepting it. You can locate this information in the specific section of each particular bonus.
2. Register an Account
Use the designated button on SlotsCalendar to get to the provider’s website. Here register an account by following the guidelines.
Generally, you’ll have to choose a password and a username, then fill in personal data such as (your entire name, home address, phone number, and currency).
3. Reclaim Your Reward and Start Playing
Once you set up your account and activate it, you’ll need to reclaim your offer. Make sure you check if you need any special code to activate it.
If not, then you’re free to use the extra perks on the available games that are usually popular titles from the top providers.
Remember that not all offers we promote need a code; we offer plenty of options that are easy to activate right away.
Free Spins No Deposit Required Keep Your Winnings
Possibly the most attractive aspect of these offers is the possibility of winning real money if the player meets the necessary conditions. Moreover, there is a diverse range of free spin types available for players to choose from, each with its unique set of perks.
In the following section, we will provide a detailed overview of different types of free spins available to players.
10 Free Spins on Registration No Deposit UK Offer
|Yummy Wins||10 FS||no wagering||N/A||Candy Monsta|
|Chillireels||10 FS||none||N/A||Aztec Magic|
|Yako Casino||10 FS||x40||N/A||Star Clusters Megaclusters|
10 free spins deals with no deposit required is a popular type of bonus that many casinos offer.
This bonus enables players to enjoy a specific slot game without having to deposit any of their own real money, making it an excellent way to test out a new platform or slot game.
In most cases, the deal is credited to the player’s account automatically upon successful registration.
However, it is essential to read the T&Cs to understand any restrictions and or if there are any requirements associated with this type of bonus.
The deal isn’t the best you can get as there are only 10 free rotations offered, but since it’s easy to find this deal, it levels out and becomes worth checking out. Especially if you find one with great T&Cs.
So a 10 free spins no deposit no wager offer remains a highly sought-after bonus for players.
15 Free Spins No Deposit
|Admiral Shark||15 Free Spins||x40||N/A||Cherry Fiesta|
|Casper Spins||15 Free Spins||none||N/A||Domnitors|
|Captain Marlin||15 Free Spins||none||N/A||Lucky Lady Moon|
The offer of 15 free spins with no deposit required is an advantageous incentive provided by numerous websites.
This bonus enables players to try out slots without having to make a financial commitment, offering a risk-free opportunity to explore new titles.
Although the 15 free spins may be considered a relatively modest bonus compared to others, it continues to be a popular choice for individuals seeking to embark on new gaming adventures.
20 Free Spins on Sign Up No Deposit UK
|Slots Heaven||20 FS||x20||$100|
|21 Casino||21 FS||x35||$100|
|Dr Slot||Up to 20 FS||x40||£50|
20 free rotations with no deposit required is another beneficial offer many sites give to their users as incentives.
This bonus allows players to experience a specific slot game without making a deposit, providing a risk-free opportunity to explore new titles without financial commitment.
While 20 bonus is a relatively small bonus compared to others, it remains a popular option for those looking to try out new experiences.
30 Spins with No Deposit Required
|Punt Casino||30 FS||x40||$100||30FSGS|
Claiming 30 spins with no deposit required is an enticing offer for players who are looking to try out new games without risking their own funds.
This bonus provides players with an opportunity to explore the website’s features and gameplay options, as well as potentially win real money.
It’s vital to look at all details on the website, as sometimes you’ll need special codes to activate the offer. Worry not, as we provide them for you on our bonus codes dedicated page.
40 Online Casino Free Spins No Deposit UK Offers
|Crazy Luck||40 FS||x45||$75||40GSHMEDIASPINS|
|Big Dollar Casino||40 FS||x50||$100||40TPIR|
Many players choose the 40 free spins no deposit UK offers over other promotions because it provides them with an extended opportunity to explore a specific website or slot without risking their own money.
With 40 extra rotations available to play, players can spend more time trying out various features and games and potentially win real money as well.
50 Free Spins No Deposit Casino Offers
|Diamond Reels||50 FS||x45||Cash Bandits Museum Heist||$100|
|Jackpot Cash||50 FS||x45||Forty Fruity Million||no restrictions|
|VIP Stakes||50 FS||x99||Under Water||$30|
For those looking to get their feet wet in the world of online gambling, these offers are a great way to start.
With 50 free spins no deposit UK offers, players can enjoy some of their favourite slot games without having to spend any money upfront.
Not only does this provide an opportunity for gamers to try out new titles and find ones that they like, but it also gives them a chance to win real cash prizes without risking anything from their own pocket.
60 Free Spins No Deposit
|Ice Casino||60 Free Spins no deposit||x3||N/A||€15|
|Jackpot Capital||66 No deposit free spins||x60||EGGHUNT6||$180|
|Rich Casino||60 Free Spins on Sign up||x20||N/A||$100|
60 free spins no deposit are particularly attractive for many players due to their potential for big payouts with minimal investment. With these deals under your sleeve, you get more chances to win much larger prizes if your luck holds out.
Furthermore, since there’s no risk involved in using these offers, it makes sense for players who are just starting out in online gambling to take advantage of them as they learn how slot games work and build up their bankrolls without spending any money.
Most Loved Free Spins Slots
Online casinos often offer these fantastic bonuses on a pre-selected set of slot machines. While gambling sites may have different choices, there are a few slot titles that commonly include these offers.
Below, we’ve compiled a list of some of the most popular slots that are often featured in these types of bonuses. Take a look to see if any of your favourite slots are there.
Starburst is a popular slot developed by NetEnt that is often featured with spin bonuses. It is famous for its colourful and vibrant graphics, simple gameplay, and rewarding features.
The game features 5 reels and 10 paylines, and the highlight is the Starburst Wild symbol, which can expand to cover an entire reel.
With its engaging gameplay and potential for big wins, it’s no surprise that Starburst is a fan favourite among players.
You may play this engaging game exclusively on Verde Casino, a platform that puts your online security at the top of its priorities. Their offer includes 20 extra spins as part of the welcome bonus, which you may use on the famous game.
Here are some pros and cons of the brand and of the offer that will help you decide if this is what you’re looking for:
|Verde Casino||Bonus Offer|
|Mobile app||Possible withdrawal fees||Small wagering requirements||Small number of spins|
|Crypto deposits||Little responsible gambling info||only €15 cashout|
This game takes players on a virtual fishing adventure. Developed by Reel Time Gaming, Fishing Frenzy features five reels and ten paylines, along with colourful graphics and catchy sound effects.
The game’s symbols include various types of fish, fishing equipment, and bonus symbols that can trigger extra features and bigger payouts.
You can find an attractive free rotations offer on this game at the famous 888 Casino. The deal will offer you 88 rotations that give you extra credit to win the jackpot.
|Good online reputation||Offers only email support||Low wagering||Available only to newcomers|
|Multiple ongoing promotions|
Big Bass Bonanza
Big Bass Bonanza is a fishing-themed slot game developed by Pragmatic Play. It features five reels and ten paylines, along with excellent graphics and an immersive soundtrack.
The game’s symbols include various types of fish, fishing equipment, and bonus symbols that can trigger extra features and bigger payouts.
The game’s main feature is the Big Bass Fishing Hole, where players can win up to 4,000 times their initial bet by catching the biggest fish.
Given these extra features, Goldwin Casino thought of adding some extra spice to the game with an excellent offer of 20 free rounds.
|Goldwin Casino||Bonus Offer|
|Available on all devices||Offshore license||Good withdrawal amount||Small number of bonus spins|
|Fast registration process||High wagering requirements|
The game takes players on an adventure through the Amazon jungle, where they help the explorer Gonzo search for the lost city of Eldorado.
The game developed by NetEnt features five reels and 20 paylines, along with stunning 3D graphics and an immersive soundtrack.
Its symbols include various stone carvings, each with its own payout value, and the game’s special Avalanche feature can lead to multiple wins on a single spin.
Gonzo’s Quest is known for its engaging gameplay and the potential for players to win big, with a maximum payout of 2,500 times the initial bet. It is a top choice for fans of adventure-themed slot games.
For that reason, GG.bet Casino offers a 50 free spins no deposit UK bonus that you should use as leverage when playing this slot.
|GG.bet Casino||Bonus Offer|
|Broad game collection||Offshore license||Great number of FS||High wagering|
|Mobile friendly platform|
Dead or Alive 2
This slot is the sequel to Dead or Alive, the original game, which is developed by the creative staff at NetEnt. This Western-themed slot game features five reels and nine paylines, along with top-notch graphics and sound effects.
The game’s special features include Free Spins, Sticky Wilds, and Multipliers, which can all help players win bigger payouts.
Dead or Alive 2 is known for its high volatility, which means that while players may not win frequently, they have the potential to win big when they do.
It is a top choice for fans of Western-themed slot games and those looking for a high-risk, high-reward gaming experience.
To make things even more exciting, Vulkan Vegas offers 50 additional rotations giving you extra shots for the big prize.
|Vulkan Vegas||Bonus Offer|
|Professional customer service||Offshore license||No payment required||High requirements|
|Well-established platform||Good number of bonus spins|
Game-Changing Tips for Guaranteed Free Spins Success in 2023
If you’re looking to win real money with free no deposit spins bonuses, it’s important to understand the rules and how to maximize your chances.
While each casino bonus has its own set of unique terms & conditions, most free spins no deposit mobile verification UK bonuses share similar rules.
Some helpful tips to keep in mind:
1. Select bonuses with lower wagering requirements: When choosing bonuses, it’s wise to opt for those with lower rollover requirements since they tend to be the most challenging condition to satisfy.
By selecting bonuses with lower playthroughs, you may significantly increase your chances of winning big. Generally, most consider reasonable the bonus requirements that range from 10-40x.
2. Choose bonuses with generous maximum win limits: Free spins bonuses are often challenging to fulfill as casinos design them to prevent financial losses.Therefore, cashing out your winnings may require a lot of time and effort on your part. It’s advisable to claim a free spins bonus that allows you to win an amount that adequately compensates you for your investment.
Win limits between $100-$200 are typically considered generous.
3.Choose suitable slot games: Opt for high RTP (return to player) and low volatility slots when playing with free spin bonuses.
Low volatility guarantees more frequent wins, while high RTP ensures a higher percentage of your total wagers will be returned to you (long run).
4. Familiarize yourself with the T&Cs and adhere to them strictly: Prior to playing, make sure to read and understand the terms & conditions.
Failure to comply with these rules may result in penalties from the casino, and you could potentially forfeit your bonus altogether.
5. Look for the expiration date: Free spins have a limited lifespan, and it’s essential to utilize them before they expire.
Are Free Spins Worth It?
Free spins can be a valuable way to increase your chances of winning at online casinos without risking your own money.
However, whether they are worth it or not depends on the specific terms & conditions attached to the offer.
Some free spin no deposit offers come with high wagering, low win limits, or short expiration periods, which may diminish their overall value.
It’s essential to review the T&Cs of any no deposit free spins UK carefully offer and weigh them against your gaming preferences and goals before deciding if they are worth it for you.
The truth is that even with a generous deal, the payout after fulfilling wagering requirements may only amount to a few pennies.
However, these offers still serve a purpose, as they allow you to test the casino’s features without having to deposit any of your own money. Nevertheless, they may not significantly increase your chances of winning.
Our Advice: Always Play Responsibly!
Now that you have learned all about free spins on registration no deposit and other bonus incentives, you can explore our reviews of the highest-ranked casinos, select the one that suits you best, register securely, claim your bonus, and begin spinning for great fun and fantastic wins.
We wish you the best of luck in winning bonuses, but always remember that playing responsibly is the most crucial aspect.
So, establish budget and time limits for yourself and take a break when things seem to be spiraling out of control. This way, you will return with renewed luck and focus on winning those big prizes.
Exploring the Pros&Cons of Free Spin No Deposit
Free no deposit spins offers come with their fair share of advantages and disadvantages that players should be aware of. While they can provide an exciting opportunity to win without spending your own money, it’s important to consider the potential risks involved.
One significant drawback is the challenge of meeting wagering requirements. Most free spins offers come with specific conditions that must be fulfilled before any winnings can be withdrawn. These requirements often involve wagering the winnings a certain number of times within a designated timeframe. Meeting these conditions can be a daunting task and may require significant time and effort.
Another downside is the limitations on the games you can play with free spins. Many offers restrict players to a particular slot game or a limited selection of games. This limitation can be frustrating, especially if you prefer exploring a wider range of games or if the selected game doesn’t align with your interests or preferences.
Furthermore, free spins offers often have a maximum win cap. Even if you hit a substantial jackpot while using your casino free spins, there’s typically a limit to how much you can actually win. This can be disappointing if you strike it big but find that your winnings are capped at a relatively low amount.
Additionally, it’s worth noting that some free no deposit spins require an initial deposit or have other conditions attached, such as the need to enter a bonus code or verify your identity. These requirements can add extra steps and potential complications to the process.
Despite these potential risks and downsides, these offers can still provide an enjoyable and potentially rewarding gaming experience.
It’s important to carefully read and understand the terms and conditions of any offer before participating to make an informed decision and ensure you are comfortable with the associated requirements and limitations.
On short, here’s a clear overview of the pros and cons:
|Free spins provide an opportunity to win without having to spend your own money, allowing for risk-free gameplay.||Many offers come with wagering requirements, which means you must bet a certain amount before being able to withdraw your winnings.|
|They allow you to explore and try out new slot games without any financial commitment.||They are often restricted to specific slot games or a limited selection, limiting the variety of games you can play.|
|Despite being free, it is still possible to win real money through free spins, providing a chance for genuine winnings.||The offers may have a maximum limit on how much you can win, even if you hit a significant jackpot.|
|They can add excitement and an extra layer of enjoyment to your gaming sessions.||Some offers may require an initial deposit to qualify for the bonus, which adds an extra cost or condition.|
|For new players, they serve as an introduction to online casinos, helping them become familiar with the platform and its features.||The deals often have time limitations, requiring you to use them within a specific timeframe, which can be limiting if you prefer to play at your own pace.|